Pointing out that breast cancer was A common cancer amongst urban Indian
women currently, Shilpa Lad, a leading specialised radiologist in
Breast Imaging and Interventions has disclosed that as per the
Population Based Cancer Registry (PBCR) breast cancer accounts for 25
per cent to 32 per cent of all female cancers in urban Indian cities,
which pointed out that one fourth (or even approaching one thirds) of
all female cancer cases were breast cancer.
The concerning fact for
the Indian population was that for every two women newly diagnosed with
breast cancer, one woman was dying of it, she told media last night.
Since more patients in India present at later stages, they do not
survive long, irrespective of the best treatment they may get, and hence
the mortality was fairly high, when compared with well developed
countries like US, where according to her the number of patients were
higher than in India.
Lack of awareness of breast cancer and
screening for disease were significant contributory factors for the
relatively late stage of the disease presentation in India, Dr Shilpa
Stressing the need for breast health awareness
among women, she said the women should be aware of the common presenting
symptoms of breast cancer such as painless palpable lump in the breast
for underarm nipple inversion spontaneous bloody or clear nipple
discharge, change in size of breast or skin dimpling.
there was no pain associated with breast cancer and, therefore, women
often do not realize the above mentioned symptoms until it was too late,
Suggesting that if an woman experiences any of
such symptoms, she should immediately consult her physician and undergo a
diagnostic mammogram, which was a specialised X-ray of the breast.
Pathology diagnosis or tissue diagnosis plays a crucial role in
diagnosis and management of breast cancer. There are several types of
breast biopsy techniques such as Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy (FNAB),
Trucut or Core Needle Biopsy (CNB) and Vacuum Assisted Biopsy (VAB). The
selection of the biopsy technique depends on availability of resources
and the characteristics of the breast lesion.
exciting times with the state of art technologies being available for
diagnosis and management of breast cancer patients in India. The earlier
we start applying these technologies in clinical practice the better
outcome is what we will see in the long run. One cannot underestimate
the value of timely and accurate diagnosis for women with breast cancer.
Early diagnosis is the only way to complete cure resulting in decreased
morbidity and mortality. At the end of the day, if you save a woman,
you save the entire family,'' Dr Shilpa added.UNI CGV KVV AK 2035