in and clit through a zone around the target. This ensures a bigger sample and hence accurate and timely diagnosis.
Another advancement in the treatment of breast cancer is the revolution in surgical management. Previously if a woman was diagnosed with breast cancer, she would have to undergo mastectomy irrespective of the stage, i.e. she would lose her entire breast. To address this, two groundbreaking technologies have recently been introduced in India. One is the Breast Tissue Marker and the second is the Hook Wire Localisation Needle,
The Breast Tissue Marker is small in size - about the size of a sesame seed and is made of titanium, a "bio-compatible metal". The marker is placed at the site of the lesion from where imaging guided biopsy samples have been obtained. These markers are not only identified on mammogram by virtue of their radio opacity but also have a permanent ultrasound visibility
Therefore, stage 1 and stage 2 breast cancers can be identified. The marker clips help identify the site of
cancer as well as post chemotherapy residual disease. Once the marker clips are identified on imaging, a pre-operative hook wire is placed at the site of pre-operative planning, such . that the breast Oncosurgeon is able to conserve maximum healthy breast tissue with good cosmetic outcome at the time of open surgery